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The city of Basra is the capital of the Basra province in Southern Iraq. Bordering Iran (east) and Kuwait (south), Its landscape varies from an oil and gas rich desert to fertile lands, home to the famous date palms. Basra is the only Iraqi region with ports to the Arabian/Persian Gulf, making it commercially active. In the absence of Saddam’s strict Baath regime of 2003, many families from surrounding areas have and still are migrating to Basra in hope of finding work.